• Young man From Serabit:

    Young man From Serabit:

    Young man who was born and grew up in Serabit el-Khadim, in the neighborhood of the Hathor temple, a living example of youth who have inherited the stories of the ancient history of the place and who are the potential actual and future guide of the area.

  • Hieroglyphs Sessions:

    Hieroglyphs Sessions:

    In the frame of giving sessions about the archaeological heritage of Serabit el-Khadim to its actual living community, one of the most enjoyable experiences to the whole team of the projects was the sessions of hieroglyphs with the smart and eager to learn children of Serabit el-Khadim.

  • Barakat Camp:

    Barakat Camp:

    Barakat Camp in Serabit el-Khadim

    In the actual village of Serabit el-Khadim located in the neighborhood of the Hathor temple, Barakat Camp is the only option to stay for some days in the area; it is owned by the leading family of the area (the Barakat Family).

  • Serabit Crafts:

    Serabit Crafts:

    Textile crafts are an example among many others such as beads and copper crafts made by the talented hands of the Serabiti women.  Although they represent a part of the sinaitic handmade products, the serabiti crafts has their own special taste and style.

  • Documenting the Mining Expedition:

    Documenting the Mining Expedition:

    Tens of commemorative stelae in the temple of Hathor in Serabit still bear the stories of the ancient mining expeditions to Serabit el-Khadim. The Middle Kingdom stela of “Her-Wer-Re” is considered the best intact example of these stele due to its good state of preservation.

  • Temple of Hathor:

    Temple of Hathor:

    Located on an elevation, almost 800 meters above sea level, the temple is built of dozens of stele inscribed by the chiefs of ancient expeditions from the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom Period to honor Hathor.

Guided Tours

There are many routes to the temple of Serabit el-Khadim. Please use the one designated on the map and the certified Bedouin guide recommended by your travel agency, hotel or guidebook.
The best time to visit the temple is either in the early morning, late afternoon, or on cloudy days. It is also recommended that you visit the area during September to May, when the weather is not too hot.
However, during November to April, the area is famous for violent flash floods. Please check the weather forecast before visiting.


Recommended Clothing


It is advisable to wear clothes that cover your body not only to protect yourself against the burning effect of the sunlight, but also to respect the traditions of the Bedouins of the area. During winter, the weather can turn very cold at night and temperatures fall below zero degrees. Try to wear light-colored clothes under the sun to keep your body cool. It is also recommended to wear shoes that are suitable for hiking and that are not tight, because feet tend to swell easily with high temperatures, and that is not good for blood circulation.

History of South Sinai in the Byzantine and Islamic Periods

Sinai was a borderland, often raided by early nomadic tribes. Many fortresses were built in the peninsula; some of them, like Ras Raya fortress and Deir el-Wadi monastery-fortress in el-Tor, were on the Red Sea coast, to protect Roman ships trading with India and the Far East.
 Christianity spread rapidly in the peninsula and Christian pilgrims soon reached the holy places that were believed to witness the passage of Moses. The earliest account is the Travelogue by Egeria; a Spanish pilgrim who visited Sinai in 382 AD. A Bishop of Pharan (modern Feiran) named Nectarios is mentioned as early as the end of the 4th century.

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It is recommended that you use the available camps that are built in the area, or camps arranged by a tourist agency. Despite the fact that the area is quite safe, it is not recommended to camp without supervision. For provisions, there are small grocery shops that sell biscuits, potato chips and other basic provisions. The shops open at irregular hours. There is another shop that is about 6 kilometers to the west of Serabit el-Khadim in the area of Bir Nasb just beside the school. The shop provides more options and variety, as well as mineral water. It is preferable to bring everything with you or drive to Abu Zenima where there are more shops. Always keep a first-aid kit at hand. The nearest health unit is in Abu Zenima or Ras Sudr. The camps of the area usually provide a set menu for food, which is generally fresh and reliable.

The History of South Sinai in Modern Times

At the end of the 15th century, until the first years of the following century, the Red Sea became the theater of a naval war between the Portuguese and the Mamluks. In 1517, Turkish Sultan Selim I conquered Egypt and turned it into a province of the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish period was peaceful and even slumberous.

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Cultural Activities for Bedouin Children

The activities aim to improve the knowledge the children of Serabit el-Khadim have of their environment, history and cultural heritage.

1) Pottery Session
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Create cultural elements of Serabit el-Khadim: the temple, Hathor, daily-use pottery, inscriptions carving…etc.

2) Astronomy Session

101 astronomy, draw the skies above!

3) Story Telling

Each child tells a local story.

4) Photography Session

Disposable cameras for Bedouin children, a field trip in order to recognize, observe and capture elements of the surrounding cultural and natural landscape.

5) Geology Session

Identification cards of various local rock formations to be distributed to children in order to collect similar rocks.

6) Coloring-Activities

Bedouin hand-drawn stories.

7) Geography Sessions

Introduction to the basics of reading a map and to the Geography of Egypt and Sinai.


For your safety and for the protection of the cultural and natural heritage of the area, please respect the following regulations:
1.Always follow the official hiking path to the archaeological site that is shown on the map.
2.The Bedouin guides are the best; they know the area, so ask them for help whenever needed.
3.Do not climb on rocks, stray beyond the path shown on the map and outlined by rocks, and always walk in groups.
4.Do not pick up rocks, stones or pottery.
5.Do not start fires.
6.Do not throw away cigarette butts.
7.Pack your trash to take with you or leave at the Bedouin camp trash bins.
8.Do not write, paint or carve graffiti.
9.Keep in mind the nature of the local Bedouin conservative traditions.

Wadi el-Lehyan

Wadi el-Lehyan is a site with numerous Nabatean inscriptions together with the remains of small circular constructions identified as old Nabatean houses found in many locations in South Sinai. These structures are located just next to the settlements of el-Lehyan. The structures are accessible through the valley that can be accessed from the paved road leading to Serabit el-Khadim southwards. The site has also a number of petroglyphs and a recurrent image of a palm tree well carved in the rocks.

Wadi Nasb "Bir Nasb"

Offering scene from the New Kingdom Period

Wadi Nasb is one of the locations that has been exploited by ancient Egyptian miners in South Sinai since the Middle Kingdom (2055–1650 B.C.), Today's visitor to Wadi Nasb has the chance to see a variety of archaeological remains showing different periods of exploitation of the area, such as ancient Egyptian scenes and inscriptions as well as proto-Sinaitic inscriptions.

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