Wadi el-Lehyan

Wadi el-Lehyan is a site with numerous Nabatean inscriptions together with the remains of small circular constructions identified as old Nabatean houses found in many locations in South Sinai. These structures are located just next to the settlements of el-Lehyan. The structures are accessible through the valley that can be accessed from the paved road leading to Serabit el-Khadim southwards. The site has also a number of petroglyphs and a recurrent image of a palm tree well carved in the rocks.

Wadi Nasb "Bir Nasb"

Offering scene from the New Kingdom Period

Wadi Nasb is one of the locations that has been exploited by ancient Egyptian miners in South Sinai since the Middle Kingdom (2055–1650 B.C.), Today's visitor to Wadi Nasb has the chance to see a variety of archaeological remains showing different periods of exploitation of the area, such as ancient Egyptian scenes and inscriptions as well as proto-Sinaitic inscriptions.

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Wadi Kharig

A Middle Kingdom stele on top of the hill of Wadi Kharig 

Wadi Kharig is about a 30-minute ride from Serabit el-Khadim. The site seems to have been exploited in an earlier age than that of Serabit el-Khadim,

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Gebel Mukabbar

G. Mukabbar 1
View for Gebel Mukabbar

This is a small hill east of Serabit el-Khadim area near the tomb of Sheikh Hobous. The hill has a spectacular formation and is inscribed with numerous Nabatean inscriptions dating to the second and first centuries B.C. Gebel Mukabbar is a landmark in the area; it can be easily identified by the huge rock lying on its summit, which can be seen from a distance. The rocks of Mukabbar are all covered with Nabatean inscriptions as well as other examples of petroglyphs.

El-Fuja "Forest of Pillars"

View of the natural formations at el Fuja

This name is derived from the tubular columns of black lava that are made of stalagmites composed of the surrounding rock. It is reached from the area of Serabit el-Khadim by following the dusty road of Ramiet Himeiyr off Gebel Mukkabar and Sheikh Hobous. It is preferable to have a Bedouin guide for this destination.


Khashm el-Ferda “Hawaywat”/“ Rujm Umm Lafi”

Nabatean Inscriptions from Khashm el Ferda

This site is close to el-Fuja and is a small hill with Nabatean inscriptions dating to the first and second centuries. It is composed of a series of large rocks bearing inscriptions as well as several petroglyphs.

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Wadi Mukattab

This site is also known as “Wadi of the Scriptures”. The name Mukattab comes from the different inscriptions in the valley. These graffiti are mostly Nabatean, with some Greek, Coptic, Modern Hebrew and Arabic. The site was along the road to St Catherine’s monastery and Mount Sinai as well as on the old Darb el-Hajj route to Mecca. It connects two large valleys; Wadi Sedre and Wadi Feiran. The inscribed section of the valley is about three kilometers long. One of the most famous inscriptions at Mukattab is the inscriptions of Maslam which represent the oldest example (c. 350) of a Christian inscription in Sinai.

Maghara “Wadi Maghara”

Wadi Maghara is located just east of the Gulf of Suez, about 19km from the coast. Archeologists have so far not comprehensively studied this site. Explored by ancient Egyptian expeditions, mining for copper, malachite and turquoise, Wadi Maghara is especially important, as it bears the oldest evidence of Egyptian activity in South Sinai. Old Kingdom inscriptions at Wadi Maghara, which date back to as early as the Third Dynasty (2650–2575 B.C.),

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The plain of el-Merkha lies on the sea coast about 45km from the site of Serabit el-Khadim. It is the spot, which bears the traces of the harbor used by the ancient Egyptians to reach South Sinai from the Red Sea. This was the point from which they continued the route into the desert in order to reach the mining sites of South Sinai. The site was used for smelting the copper before transferring it to the Nile Valley. Remains of an Early Dynastic fortress are there as well.